Nature Profiles

Flora of other areas of South Australia


Innes National Park

Innes National Park lies at the southern end of the Yorke Peninsula.  It's a fairly long drive from Adelaide, even though it's only 160km west as the crow flies!  Innes NP is covered with typical coastal heathland, and provides valuable natural habitat for some threatened species, such as the Western Whipbird (which I didn't hear or see!).  The rest of the Yorke Peninsula is heavily altered by agriculture, and sadly has little to offer the avid wildlife watcher.

Calytrix tetragona (Common Fringe Myrtle)

Calytrix tetragona is a very common attractive shrub found throughout temperate Australia.  This photo shows the characteristic awns that persist on the branches after the white flowers have fallen.  For a photo of the flowers, see the Flora of the Mount Lofty Ranges - Trees & Shrubs section of the site.


Spyridium phylicoides (Narrow-leaved Spyridium)

One of the more attractive Spyridiums in my opinion, this low-growing shrub is common on the limestone outcrops around Innes as a component of coastal heathland.  The species is largely restricted to South Australia.


Acacia nematophylla

A common Acacia of coastal dunes, endemic to South Australia, this photo shows the twisted seed pods.  For photos of the phyllodes and flowers, see the Flora of Coffin Bay & Lincoln National Parks section of the site.


Comesperma volubile (Love Creeper)

This small, twining shrub is common throughout temperate Australia, and easily recognised by its distinctively-shaped blue flowers.  Its common name comes from its habit of tying its stems in knots.


Stackhousia sp

It's impossible to be sure of the identity of the plant in this photo, given that Stackhousias differ in small details such as the flower bracts.  Several coastal species are found in South Australia.  Thanks to Helen Vonow for the identification.


Scaevola crassifolia (and Senecio 'laetus' - probably pinnatifolius ssp.maritimus or spanomerus)

Scaevola crassifolia is a common plant of coastal heathlands.  It is easily identified when flowering thanks to its pale blue fan-shaped flowers, typical of the genus.  Thanks to Helen Vonow for identifying the Senecio sp for me.  The species was formerly known as S.laetus but has now been split into several similar 'new' species.


Cliff succulent (unknown sp)

The exposed western sea cliffs around Innes are devoid of vegetation, apart from stunted grassesand several succulent plant species which are able to cope with the blasting salt-laden winds and the bare limestone substrate.


Eucalyptus diversifolia ssp.diversifolia (Coastal / Soap Mallee)

Soap Mallee is a variable eucalypt endemic to South Australia.  It is especially common around the coast, where it is often the dominant tree species.  The other subspecies of E.diversifolia (hesperia) is confined to the far west of the Nullarbor Plain, with most of its range in Western Australia.


Eucalyptus gracilis (Yorrell)

The twisted stamens on small white flowers help identify this very common mallee eucalypt.  It is found across the entire mallee region, including coastal areas like the Eyre Peninsula, where these photos were taken.



Pimelea glauca

This attractive small shrub is common in many areas of South Australia, and is described in the Flora of the Adelaide Hills & Mount Lofty Ranges - Trees & Shrubs section of the site.


Pultenaea acerosa (Prickly Bush-pea)

This shrub is described in the Flora of the Adelaide Hills & Mount Lofty Ranges - Trees & Shrubs section of the site, where the plant shown has narrower, more tightly inrolled leaves.  Thanks to Helen Vonow for the identification.


Acrotriche patula (Shiny Ground-berry)

This plant is very common along the South Australian coast from the Fleurieu Peninsula to the western Eyre Peninsula.  Like many members of the Epacridae in Australia, it flowers during the winter months.  When not flowering (as here), it can be recognised by its shiny, curved, broad triangular leaves with sharp pointed tips.  Shiny Ground-berry is almost a South Australian endemic species, with several scattered localities in southern Western Australia.  Thanks to Helen Vonow for confirming the identification.


Prostanthera serpyllifolia (Thyme-leaved Mintbush)

As well as the typical Prostanthera flowers, this small shrub can be recognised by its thickened short leaves.  Two subspecies are recognised, ssp. serpyllifolia and ssp. microphylla, and are separated by leaf size and the pedicel length of the flowers.  P.serpyllifolia is a very wide-ranging shrub, found across southern Australia in a line bounded on the north by the top of the Eyre Peninsula, and on the south by Kangaroo Island and the Murray mallee.  It is absent from cooler regions further south, such as coastal Victoria  Thanks to Helen Vonow for confirming the identification.


Ixodia achillaeoides ssp.achillaeoides

This common shrub is described in the Flora of the Adelaide Hills & Mount Lofty Ranges - Trees & Shrubs section of the site.  Thanks to Helen Vonow for the identification.


Crassulaceae sp perhaps

Several succulent plant carpet the limestone cliffs of Innes National Park.  I've not been able to identify this one, so if you've got any ideas please get in touch!



Aldinga Scrub Conservation Park

Aldinga Scrub CP lies on on the edge of the small coastal town of Aldinga, south of Adelaide.

Microtis arenaria (Notched Onion-orchid)

The Onion-orchids are a group of easily overlooked small green orchids, common in spring in drier habitats.  M.arenaria is typical of sandy dunes along the coast, and can be recognised by its congested flower spikes and the oblong, deeply-notched labellum on each flower.

Leptospermum lanigerum (Silky Tea-tree)

This common tea-tree is described in the Flora of the Adelaide Hills & Mount Lofty Ranges - Trees & Shrubs section of the site.



Alyxia buxifolia (Sea Box)

A classic component of coastal heathland in southern Australia, the bright red berries appear on the bushes in autumn.  In spring, white flowers with five twisted petals are seen.



Leucopogon parviflorus (Coastal Bearded-heath)

This is one of the dominant shrubs of coastal heathlands in southern Australia.  I've described it in the Flora of Coffin Bay & Lincoln National Parks section of the site.


Lacy Coral Lichen (Cladia ferdinandii)

This beautiful lichen is a rare species, restricted to South and Western Australia in scattered coastal localities.  At Aldinga Scrub it is easily viewed from the boardwalk built over the fragile coastal heath where the lichen thirves in the sandy soil.



Disphyma crassifolium (Round-leaved Pig-face) - Granite Island Conservation Park, Fleurieu Peninsula

This plant is common around coastal areas of most of Australia, except the tropical north.  It is closely related to Carpobrotus, but can be distinguished by its much smaller, clustered leaves on the long trailing stems.



Canunda National Park, Limestone Coast

Scaevola crassifolia

I've included this photo because it shows the purple berry-like fruit of this common coastal shrub.  The species itself is described in the section on Innes NP above, where you can see the typical fan-shaped flowers.