Nature Profiles

Flora of Victoria


Xanthorrhoea australis


Mt Richmond NP

Correa reflexa (Common Correa)

There are 11 species of Correa, all endemic to Australia, and this is the most widespread, occurring in temperate areas of all south-eastern states.  It is a variable species, and flower colour can range from the typical red pictured here, to green or white.

Mt Richmond NP



Bay of Islands Coastal Park

Cassinia laevis (Cough Bush)

A distinctive shrub of rocky areas, with woolly white flower stems and thin, thread-like leaves.  The common name comes from the use of the leaves by Aborigines as a cough rememdy.

Bay of Islands Coastal Park


Great Otway NP

Rainforest understory, with tree ferns and epiphytes

Eucalyptus regnans (Mountain Ash)

The iconic plant of the Otway Ranges, this huge gum tree is famous as the world's tallest hardwood tree, with individuals having been measured at 130m tall!  The Otway Ranges population is actually disjunct, with the main centre of distribution being found east and north-east of Melbourne, where there is sufficient rainfall for the species to survive.  It is also found in lowland areas of Tasmania.



Atherosperma moschatum (Southern Sassafras)



Bedfordia arborescens (Blanket Leaf)



Nothofagus cunninghamii (Myrtle Beech)

One if the main cool rainforest trees in south-eastern Australia, Myrtle Beech can grow up to 50m tall and live to a very old age.  Unfortunately it is killed by forest fires, so large trees are only seen in particularly wet areas of forest such as in shaded gullies and alongside creeks.  The distinctive triangular leaves make it easy to identify.


Pomaderris apetala (probably)

Thanks to Paddy Dalton of UTas for the identification.



Ferns & Lower Plants of the Otway Ranges

Dicksonia antarctica







Juvenile plants forming rainforest understory.  Thanks to Paddy Dalton of UTas for the identification of this photo.

Histiopteris incisa (Bat's Wing Fern)

A widespread fern in eastern Australia, it thrives in damp forests from here in Victoria all the way to northern Queensland.  Thanks to Paddy Dalton of UTas for the identification.


Blechnum sp (possibly chambersii)



Microsorum scandens (Kangaroo Fern)




Blechnum wattsii (Hard Water Fern)

A common fern of damp shady areas, this species can be distinguished from similar Blechnum species by its wide leathery pinnae, the first of which are sharply angle away from the rachis.  Thanks to Paddy Dalton of UTas for confirming the identification.


Cyathophorum bulbosum

A common large moss of damp areas, this distinctive species is easily spotted once known.  It can be found in all south-eastern states, as well as in New Zealand (you can see a photo from the North island here).  Thanks to Paddy Dalton of UTas for the identification.


Hymenophyllum australe

Thanks to Paddy Dalton of UTas for the identification.


Lunularia cruciata

According to Meagher & Fuhrer's 'Field Guide to Mosses & Allied Plants of Southern Australia', which I highly recommend as a book for interested beginners, this is probably the commonest liverwort worldwide!  You may well have a specimen living in a plant pot in your garden, wherever you are reading this!  Here in the rainforest, the plant was forming a typical mat on the bare soil of the forest floor.  Thanks to Paddy Dalton of UTas for the identification.


Unidentified fungus