Nature Profiles

Flora of the Queyras - part 2

Saxifraga rotundifolia

sr

sr

 
The rounded, toothed leaves of this saxifrage make it easy to identify.  It occurs in woodland as well as humid, rocky habitats at higher altitudes, often in sheltered areas where snow lies late.

The flowers often have tiny yellow and red spots, but aren't visible in these rather poor photos!

S.rotundifolia is a variable and widespread species, occurring from the eastern end of the Pyrenees, through the Alps and Balkans to as far east as northern Iran.  There is also a small disjunct population in the Tatra Mountains.  All French plants are var.rotundifolia.
 

 

 

Saxifraga aspera

sa
Viso
sa

sa

 
Named for its bristly leaf margins, Saxifraga aspera is relatively easy to recognise in the field, especially when its sprawling new shoots are present (photo 3).  Other saxifrages such as S.oppositifolia and S.biflora also have bristles on their leaf margins but are not as prominent as in S.aspera, which also has pointed, rather than rounded leaf tips.

Saxifraga aspera is endemic to Europe, with the bulk of its distribution in the southern Alps.  Outlying populations are also found in the eastern Pyrenees and northern Italy.

 

 

Saxifraga androsacea

sa

sa


 
 

 

 

Saxifraga exarata ssp.exarata

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sx

 
 

 

 

Saxifraga oppositifolia

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so

so

so

so

 
 

 

 

Saxifraga retusa

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sr

sr

sr

sr




 
 

 

 

Saxifraga caesia

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sc
 
 

 

 

Saxifraga paniculata

 
 

 

 

Dryas octopetala

dr

dr

dr

di
 
 

 

 

Rosa glauca

rg

rg

 
 

 

 





Geum montanum

 
 

 

 

Potentilla crantzii

pc

pc


 
 

 

 

Potentilla

 
 

 

 

 

Sibbaldia procumbens

sb
 
 

 

 






Prunus mahaleb

pr
 
 

 

 

 

Prunus mahaleb

 
 

 

 

 

Astragalus alpinus

aa
Col Vieux
 
 

 

 

Astragalus centralpinus

s

as

as
 
 

 

 

Astragalus sempervirens

 
 

 

 

Oxytropis campestris

oc

oc

oc

oc
 
 

 

 

Anthyllis

 
 

 

 

Hedysarum

 
 

 

 

Geranium sylvaticum

gs

gs
 
 

 

 

Euphorbia cyparissias

ec

ec
 
 

 

 

Daphne mezereon

mz

mz
 
 

 

 

Helianthemum

 
 

 

 

Hypericum

 
 

 

 

 Viola biflora

 
 

 

 

Viola calcarata

vc

vc

vc

vc

vc

vc
 
 

 

 

Viola tricolor

 
 

 

 

Viola lutea

 
 

 

 

Astrantia major

 
 

 

 

Laserpitium latifolium

 
 

 

 

Laserpitium halleri

 
 

 

 

Rhododendron ferrugineum

rh




 
 

 

 

Primula halleri

ph

ph



 
 

 

 

Primula latifolia

 
 

 

 

Primula marginata

pm
Col Vieux
pm

pm

 
 

 

 

Vitaliana

v

v

v

va
 
 

 

 

Androsace lactea

al

al

al
 
 

 

 

Androsace villosa

av

av
 
 

 

 

Androsace carnea

 
 

 

 

Armeria maritima alpina

 
 

 

 

Gentiana lutea

 
 

 

 

Gentiana burseri ssp.villarsiana

gb

gb

gb
 
 

 

 

Gentiana cruciata

gc

gc
 
 

 

 

Gentiana orbicularis

go

go





 
This beautiful alpine gentian species can be tricky to identify as it is very similar to other Gentiana verna-type species such as G.brachyphylla.  Leaves can be rather similar between species and variable in shape on individual plants, so characters like the clayces on the flowers are helpful in aiding identification.

Typical G.orbicularis is a low cushion-forming species, with rounded leaf tips on the basal leaves.  Leaves higher up the stem can be quite pointed - a confusing feature until one is familiar with seeing the species often in field.  The calyces on the flowers are prominently winged.

Gentiana orbicularis is widespread in the French Alps in calcareous areas and is also found in the central Pyrenees.  Oddly, the Flora Europaea lists the species as only being found in eastern Europe!

 

 

Gentiana brachyphylla

gb

gb

gb

gb
 
 

 

 

Gentiana verna ssp.verna

gv

gv

gv

gv
 
One of Europe's most widespread small gentians, Gentiana verna is a notoriously variable species (or aggregate of species, depending on which authority you consult).

Ssp.verna has fairly short, lanceolate leaves and tends to grow as scattered small plants, rather than cushions.

In France it is a plant of mountain areas and occurs throughout the the Pyrenees, Alps and Jura, and in scattered sites in the Massif Central.  It can also be found in montane areas of Spain, Britain (very rarely) and southern Europe, as well as western and northern Asia.
 

 

 

 

Gentianella campestris

gc

gc
 
 

 

 

 





Swertia perennis

sw

sw

sw
 
 

 

 

Myosotis alpestris

ma
Col Vieux

ma
 
 

 

 

Salvia pratensis

mc

mc
 
 

 

 

 

Linaria alpina

la
 
 

 

 


Digitalis

 
 

 

 

Veronica allionii

va

va
 
 

 

 

Euphrasia

 
 

 

 

Bartsia alpina

ba

ba

 
 

 

 

Pedicularis rosea ssp.allionii

pr
 
 

 

 

Pedicularis kerneri

pk

pk

pk
 
 

 

 

Pedicularis gyroflexa

 
 

 

 

Pedicularis rostratospicata ssp.helvetica

pr

p11
 
 

 

 

Rhinanthus minor

rm

rm
 
 

 

 

Pinguicula alpina

pa

pa

pa
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

Saxifraga bryoides

sb

sb

sb
 
 

 

 

Saxifraga exarata ssp.exarata

 
 

 

 

Saxifraga valdensis

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sv

sv

sv

sv



sv

sv

sv
 
 

 

 

 

 

Ononis

on 

 

 

 

Medicago

 md

md